Hoke County is a district located near the Fayetteville city in North Carolina. The administrative center of the district is the Raeford city. The district is very popular among tourists because of its favorable climate and picturesque sceneries.
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The history of Hoke County is quite short. It was founded in 1911 by the merger of parts of counties Cumberland and Robeson. However, the history of the North Carolina state is more noteworthy.
The indigenous inhabitants of the North American continent (the Indians) lived on the territory of modern North Carolina for millennia. About the year 1000 of our era most of the Indian peoples of the state belonged to the “Mississippian culture”, also known as “the builders of the mounds”. To the present day preserved mound town Creek, around which approximately 1150 – 1400 years there was a permanent settlement. Archaeological studies that have been conducted for more than fifty years have helped scientists learn a lot about the life of Indians. In 1966 town Creek was designated as a National Historic place.
By the time the first European explorers in North Carolina lived Indian people Pamlico, Roanoke (on the coast) the Tuscarora, Catawba, Cherokee, and others.
14 – 16 centuries
In the spring of 1585 five ships with settlers went in America, whose task was the establishment of a permanent settlement. In August, about a hundred of colonists headed by Ralph Lane were landed on Roanoke Island and brought their ships went home. It was planned that in April next year the ships will return bringing food and new immigrants, but the ships didn’t do that. The provision was ending and the situation was even more complicated by the constant clashes with the Indians. Fortunately, ships of the famous Explorer and privateer sir Francis Drake passed by Roanoke. He took the settlers and brought them to England. Supply ships arrived two weeks later, but the colony has been already abandoned.
In the middle of the XVIII century, the population of North Carolina increased sharply (about 30,000 inhabitants in 1730, 100 000 – in the year 1752, and about 200,000 in 1765), on the eve of the American Revolution it was the fastest growing among all the English colonies in North America.
Period of the Civil War
North Carolina quite badly damaged during the Civil War in the USA. It was the place for fighting and the source of resources for the army. 11% of the state’s population fought. An important function was performed by the port of Wilmington, through which trade was carried out with European countries.